词汇学考验题

admin/2020-04-08/ 分类:小说下载/阅读:
Test1 1w. How do you account for the role of native words in English in relation to loan words? 2. What are the major modes of vocabulary development in contemporary English? 3. Form negatives with each of the following words by using one o ...

  Test1

  1w. How do you account for the role of native words in English in relation to loan words?

  2. What are the major modes of vocabulary development in contemporary English?

  3. Form negatives with each of the following words by using one of these prefixes, dis-, il- im-

  in- ir- non- un-

  1) Smoker------ nonsomker 2)capable------uncapable /incapable

  3) practical------- impractical 4) obey------ disobey

  5) security------ insecurity 6) relevant------ irrelevant

  7)mature------- immature 8) ability-------disability

  9 legal------- illegal 10) willingness------unwillingness

  11)agreement------ disagreement 12) convenient------unconvenient

  4. Turn the following nouns and adjectives into verbs with -en -ify -ize

  1) hard ----- harden 2) modern---- modernize

  3) false ----- falsify 4) deep----deepen

  5) sterile----- sterilize 6) intense-----intensify

  7) fat----- fatten 8) memory-----memorize

  9)beauty----- beautify 10)glory-----glorify

  5 What do the short forms stand for?

  1)AIDS 2) CM 3) OPEC 4) TOEFL 5) etc.

  6) UNESCO 7) NATO 8) UFO 9) LASER 10.ESL

  6. Define the following terms.

  1) translation loans :Translation loans are words and expressions formed from the existing

  material in the English language but modelled on the patterns taken from another language.

  They also can be subdivided into two groups according to the meaning and the sound.

  For example,mother tongue from lingua materna-------according to the meaning :kulak from kyrak----according to the sound.

  2)semantic loans: Semantic loans are not borrowed with reference to the form but to the

  meaning.That means English has borrowed a new meaning under the influence of other language.

  For example,"dream"originally meant "joy "and "music",it's modern meaning was borrowed later from the Norse.

  5

  1)Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

  2)2)centimeter/centimetre厘米

  3)石油输入国家组织(=Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)

  4)托福测验(=Test of English as a Foreign Language)

  5)et cetera等等

  6)联合国教导迷信文明组织(=United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization)

  7)NorthAtlanticTreatyOrganization北大年夜西洋合同组织

  8)unidentified flying object 不明飞翔物

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